What Is Prosthetic Dentistry?

Prosthetic dentistry procedures are required when due to damage caused by dental carries, large hermetic seals or tooth wear causes the loss of hard tooth tissues. Prosthetic dentistry is also recommended after endodontic dental treatment – the loss of tooth vitality increases the chance of tooth fractures. In a case of a tooth loss, a complete tooth crown can be restored by attaching the prosthesis to a dental implant.

Prostheses are divided into removable and fixed dental prosthetic appliances. The latter prostheses are far more superior. Unlike removable prostheses, also known as dentures, fixed prosthetic appliances are often indistinguishable from the natural teeth. The perfect aesthetic look and comfort is something that dentures cannot provide. If possible, we always recommend using fixed prostheses.

Removable Prostheses (dentures):

  • Complete dentures
  • Partial dentures

Fixed Dental Prostheses:

  • Zirconium oxide ceramic crowns
  • Metal ceramic crowns
  • Veneers
  • Dental bridges fixed on adjacent teeth

Fixed Implant Prostheses:

  • Single crowns
  • Full jaw restoration with fixed prostheses

Types of Dental Prostheses:

In cases where natural teeth are not in good aesthetic and function or are incomplete, fixed or removable prosthesis created in the laboratory are applied to dental patients to restore the aesthetic and function.

They are dentures replacing the missing teeth. Patients can put them on or take them off themselves. There are three types of removable dentures available.

Partial Dentures: If some of the teeth have been extracted and there are some other teeth remaining in the mouth of the patient, partial dentures are used for the aesthetic and functional replacement of the missing teeth. These removable dentures are attached to the existing teeth with fastening devices (clasps, delicate abutments). They may consist of acrylic or casted structure in the form of framed dentures.

A Total Denture: If all the teeth in the mouth have been extracted, removable dentures made of acrylic resin is formed for these patients. This type of denture is called a ‘Total Denture’ or colloquially ‘False Teeth’.

Immediate Dentures: When all the teeth in the mouth have been extracted, these dentures are prepared for the patients temporarily in order not to leave them toothless until wound healing is completed and total dentures are made ready. These dentures will allow for maintaining an aesthetic appearance and chewing function.

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