What Is Geriatric Dentistry?
Among the effects of aging on the organism, changes in the oral cavity and the tissues surrounding the oral cavity are important.
The changes, that are thought to be related to aging, concerning oral health are; decreased salivary flow rate (xerostomia), increased number of tooth loss, atrophy of the oral mucosa, decreased tissue elasticity, jaw bone resorption, decreased sense of taste, periodontal disease, root surface caries.
Multiple tooth loss usually occurs due to periodontal disease. Because of the high loss of teeth in elderly people, existing remaining teeth in the mouth are very important for the retention of fixed and removable dentures. Dental caries and periodontal diseases can cause infections in the oral cavity and affect the general health of the elderly patients.
- After the treatment of dental caries, high fluoride toothpastes, mouthwashes, fluoride varnish and gels are recommended to reduce the acid production of plaque microorganisms.
- Measures such as the use of oral moisturizing solutions, sugar-free gum and lozenges, and artificial saliva can be taken to prevent dry mouth.
- Oral Candidiasis (fungal formation in the mouth): Antifungal mouthwashes, antifungal ointments, lozenges may be recommended.
- Prosthetic strokes: Soft lining materials used within the prosthesis will reduce the frequency of wound formation in the tissue.
- Prostheses should be brushed carefully after meals and cleaning tablets should be used.
- It is possible to prevent this situation with irritations due to the use of the same prosthesis for many years, changes to be made in the removal of ulcerations and routine dentist controls.
- Patients should be educated and motivated for their oral health.