ORAL DIAGNOSIS & RADIOLOGY
What Is Oral Diagnosis?
A successful oral treatment is only possible if an accurate diagnosis has been made. Radiologic imaging findings should be evaluated, the diagnosis should be made and treatment should be planned afterwards.
For an effective oral diagnosis; oral inspection external inspection, and radiologic inspection should be done.
Radiologic examination is one of the most important diagnosis techniques in dentistry.
Radiographs Used in Dentistry:
3D Dental Tomography: This is used in determining the placement of the impacted wisdom tooth in the bone, in planning successful implant processes, and determining the presence of pathological conditions in the bone.
Panoramic Radiographs: This type of radiographic image is taken outside the mouth, to show the upper and lower dental arches with the adjacent tissues and anatomical structures. It gives a general idea to the dentist about the teeth, jaws, and neighboring tissues to be used in the diagnosis and treatment planning of the disease.
Periapical Radiographs: This is a small intraoral X-ray image, revealing a one-to-one image of the perspective teeth. It provides a detailed imaging of the tooth, tooth roots, and surrounding tissues.
Bite-Wing Radiographs: This type of X-Ray allows for detecting dental caries between the deciduous or permanent teeth in pediatric patients.
Cephalometric Radiography: This is used especially in the diagnosis and treatment planning of orthodontic anomalies. It reveals the position of teeth in relation to the jaws and shows the position of the jaws in relation to the skull base and other anatomical structures.
Hand-Wrist Radiography: This is used in determining the bone age and development characteristics in planning orthodontic treatment of pediatric patients.
Occlusal Radiographs: This is used in examining the horizontal placement of the teeth, the anatomical structures in the jaw bones, and the salivary glands and ducts.
Temporomandibular Joint (Jaw Joint) Radiographs: This is used for diagnosis and treatment scheduling of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, which are the diseases of the jaw joint.