PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY / PEDODONTICS
What Is Pedodontics?
Pedodontics and is mainly involved in the examination and monitoring of oral health of children. This branch of dentistry also deals with preventive oral health.
Teeth cleaning should start in infancy after the eruption of first teeth. Teeth should be cleaned using a sterile gauze or finger brushes made of silicone after breakfast in the morning and before going to sleep at night.
Ordinary tooth brushing should begin when the child is at the age of two or two and a half. Tooth brushing should start with fluoride-containing toothpaste after 5 years of age, applying just a tiny smear of toothpaste onto the brush. Cleaning the teeth only with water will be sufficient until this age.
An excellent oral and dental health can be ensured for the children by regular dental check-ups. During these check-ups, any pathology threatening the oral and dental health can be detected. The important thing here is the early diagnosis of such pathological factors, accordingly, early treatment. In the pediatric patient, early diagnosis will positively affect the child’s physical and emotional development.
Both preventive and protective measures are taken in pediatric dentistry. Giving children basic education for oral hygiene is also among the practices carried out.
Fluoride application is the simplest and most effective method to prevent dental cavities and to stop the development of new cavities Fluoride is a substance that strengthens the structure of teeth and prevents caries. Newly erupted teeth are not resistant to caries. Fluoride protects the tooth by strengthening tooth enamel.
The grooves which are located on the chewing surfaces are being covered with use of fluid and viscous filling materials. Hence, the entry of bacteria is prevented.
In case of early milk tooth loss, a placeholder is made to protect the location of the underlying tooth. Placeholders; by moving to the extraction cavity of the neighboring teeth, it serves to prevent the permanent tooth from either remaining buried or coming out of a different place, thus preventing orthodontic disorder in the future.